My Publications

These publications were selected as evidence of my writing skills and my knowledge about portfolios that support assessment for learning. I chose examples of my publications from the early 1990s through 2009. I can definitely see a change in my thinking about portfolios, from learning about e-portfolio tools, to learning about assessment for learning. The most recent articles reflect a real change in my thinking, profoundly impacted by the changes in technology between the early 90s and 2006 (pre-Internet through Web 2.0) as well as a greater awareness, through my reading and research, of the impact of portfolios and reflection on assessment for learning.

Balancing the Two Faces of ePortfolios 
In this paper, which is the foundation of the keynote addresses that I am making in 2009, I review the two "faces" of ePortfolios: the "portfolio as workspace" which is more of a formative conversation about learning (with feedback for improvement); and the "portfolio as showcase" of achievements, often used for summative assessment, accountability or marketing/employment.  I also explore how to balance both approaches for improved student learning and engagement while meeting institutional accountability requirements.
An updated version to be published by the British Columbia Ministry of Education, Innovations in Education, 2nd Edition, 2011. Available online:

Purpose of Digital Stories in ePortfolios
This paper was developed for the Digital Storytelling Gathering (August 2006), and provides examples of digital stories created for several purposes. This paper provides the foundation for numerous presentations on this topic at state and national conferences.

Authentic Assessment with Electronic Portfolios using Common Software and Web 2.0 Tools
This paper is accepted for an updated version of Coming of Age: an introduction to the new World Wide Web; it started initially as a handout for a workshop at the KIPP conference in New Orleans in early August 2006, that I co-facilitated with one of my REFLECT teacher leaders. I became very excited about the many Web 2.0 tools that I found to support IEPs (Interactive Electronic Portfolios) or what I refer to as ePortfolios 2.0.

Article for IRA JAAL Researching Electronic Portfolios and Learner Engagement: The REFLECT Initiative
Accepted for March 2007 Electronic Portfolio issue of the Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy (JAAL-International Reading Association). This paper is an update of the White Paper (above) that was written at the beginning of the REFLECT Initiative. This updated paper discusses some of the findings from the first year site visits.
AERA paper
Roundtable Paper discussed at American Educational Research Association Conference (April 9, 2006). This paper presents the REFLECT Research Data Collection Plan, and options for questionnaire items to be included in the second round of data collection (for Spring 2006).

White Paper: Researching Electronic Portfolios and Learner Engagement
This 2005 paper was written for TaskStream to cover the literature for the REFLECT Initiative, a research project on implementing electronic portfolios in secondary schools.

Connected Newsletter article
Using Electronic Portfolios for Formative/Classroom-based Assessment. October 2006, Connected Newsletter (Classroom Connect), Volume 13, No.2, pp. 4-6. This paper was a re-write and update of the REFLECT Brief published in early 2005 as part of the RFP.

Create Your Own Electronic Portfolio
The latest article that I published in Learning & Leading with Technology, April 2000, focused on "Using Off-the-Shelf Software to Showcase Your Own or Student Work." In this article, I moved from commercial software to the use of common desktop software tools.

Technology-Supported Portfolio Assessment
This was my first publication on Electronic Portfolios, published in The Computing Teacher, March, 1994. Reprinted in Student Portfolios: A Collection of Articles edited by Robin Fogarty (1996). Palatine, Illinois: IRI/Skylight Training & Publishing, Inc., pp. 127-137.


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